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Architecture in Porto

Architecture

School

Portugal was awarded, a somewhat surprising achievement for a small sized country, two Pritzker Prizes, i.e., the Oscars of architecture. Interestingly, they are both from the Porto area. Álvaro Siza Vieira (1933- ), who received the award in 1992, was born in Matosinhos and Eduardo Souto de Moura (1952- ), born in the parish of Cedofeita, right in the heart of Porto, was distinguished in 2011.

Architecture

A City
with History

To explain this phenomenon, it’s necessary to revisit other historical references. Namely, Fernando Távora (1923-2005), recognized by many as the true founder of the Porto School, who for decades taught and traveled the world giving lectures and conferences, describing the city's way of looking at architecture and modernity.

Siza Vieira, a disciple of Távora, is the most awarded Portuguese architect and author of such emblematic works as the Serralves Museum (Porto) or the Portugal Pavilion at Expo'98 (Lisbon). His work has a far reach, and is present in numerous countries.

Architecture

Alfândega
Museum and Congress Center

Souto Moura, who in turn was a disciple of Siza, is the most minimalist of the architects of the Porto School. He was responsible for the recovery and transformation of the Alfândega do Porto into a Museum and Congress Center. He is the co-author of the Pavilion of Portugal, together with Siza. He is also responsible for the Municipal Stadium of Braga´s project for Euro 2004, a landmark in sports facilities construction.

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Architecture

Creativity
and Wonder

Foreign architects have also left their mark over the centuries in Porto and the region. The Baroque has several magnificent examples throughout the city, reaching its climax in the Church of San Francisco. From the same period, the Italian Nicolau Nasoni, author of the Clérigos Tower, stands out.

Casa da Música, commissioned for the European Capital of Culture in 2001, brought to the city the Dutchman Rem Koolhaas, also a Pritzker winner (2000). The ongoing recovery of the Campanhã Slaughterhouse, which promises to change the face of the eastern part of the city, with space for the development of creative industries, is co-authored by the Japanese architect Kengo Kuma (together with multi-award-winning Porto office OODA). Kuma is responsible for such iconic projects as the new Tokyo National Stadium, which hosted the opening of the 2021 Olympic Games.

A city built by history and modernity.